Search Appropriateness Statement Package
Additional Information on Practices
Types of Contacts
Ahlin, E. M., Hagen, C. A., Harmon, M. A., & Crosse, S. (2016). Kiosk reporting among probationers in the United States. The Prison Journal, 96(5), 688-708. https://doi.org/10.1177/0032885516662628
Andersson, C., Vasiljevic, Z., Höglund, P., Öjehagen, A., & Berglund, M. (2020). Daily automated telephone assessment and intervention improved 1-month outcome in paroled offenders. International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology, 64(8), 735-752. https://doi.org/10.1177/0306624X14526800
Crosse, S., Harmon, M. A., Claus, R. E., Bauer, E. L., Hagen, C. A., & Ahlin, E. M. (2016). Multi-jurisdiction research on automated reporting systems: Kiosk supervision. U.S. Department of Justice. https://www.ojp.gov/pdffiles1/nij/grants/250173.pdf
Saunders, J., Midgette, G., Taylor, J., & Faraji, S.-L. (2021). A hidden cost of convenience: Disparate impacts of a program to reduce burden on probation officers and participants. Criminology & Public Policy, 20(1), 71-122. https://doi.org/10.1111/1745-9133.12534
Viglione, J., & Taxman, F. S. (2018). Low risk offenders under probation supervision: Risk management and the risk-needs-responsivity framework. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 45(12), 1809-1831. https://doi.org/10.1177/0093854818790299
Frequency of Contact
Bourgon, G., Gutierrez, L., & Ashton, J. (2012). The evolution of community supervision practice: The transformation from case manager to change agent. Fed. Probation, 76, 27.
Taxman, F. S. (2002). Supervision—Exploring the dimensions of effectiveness. Fed. Probation, 66, 14
Collateral and Employer Contacts
Campbell, W. L., Swan, H., & Jalbert, S. K. (2017). National variations in fieldwork goals, training, and activities. Federal Probation, 81(3), 15–21.
Petersilia, J., & Turner, S. (1993). Intensive probation and parole. Crime and Justice, 17, 281-335.
Storm, J. P. (1997). What United States probation officers do. Federal Probation, 61, 13.
Zevitz, R. G., & Farkas, M. A. (2000). The impact of sex-offender community notification on probation/parole in Wisconsin. International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology, 44(1), 8-21.
Carroll, K. M., Easton, C. J., Nich, C., Hunkele, K. A., Neavins, T. M., Sinha, R., Ford, H. L., Vitolo, S. A., Doebrick, C. A., & Rounsaville, B. J. (2006). The use of contingency management and motivational/skills-building therapy to treat young adults with marijuana dependence. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 74(5), 955-966. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-006X.74.5.955
Chutuape, M. A., Silverman, K., & Stitzer, M. (1999). Contingent reinforcement sustains post-detoxification abstinence from multiple drugs: A preliminary study with methadone patients. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 54(1), 69-81. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0376-8716(98)00144-6
Deschenes, E. P., Turner, S., Greenwood, P. W., & Chiesa, J. (1996). Experimental evaluation of drug testing and treatment interventions for probationers in Maricopa County, Arizona. U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs. https://www.ojp.gov/pdffiles1/Digitization/165181NCJRS.pdf
O’Connell, D. J., Brent, J. J., & Visher, C. A. (2016). Decide your time: A randomized trial of a drug testing and graduated sanctions program for probationers. Criminology & Public Policy, 15(4), 1073-1102. https://doi.org/10.1111/1745-9133.12246
Tracy, K., Babuscio, T., Nich, C., Kiluk, B., Carroll, K. M., Petry, N. M., & Rounsaville, B. J. (2007). Contingency management to reduce substance use in individuals who are homeless with co-occurring psychiatric disorders. The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse, 33(2), 253-258. https://doi.org/10.1080/00952990601174931
Belur, J., Thornton, A., Tompson, L., Manning, M., Sidebottom, A., & Bowers, K. (2020). A systematic review of the effectiveness of the electronic monitoring of offenders. Journal of Criminal Justice, 68, 101686.
MacKenzie, J. (2006). Intermediate Sanctions: Intensive Supervision Programs and Electronic Monitoring. In What Works in Corrections (pp. 304–328).
Renzema, M., & Mayo-Wilson, E. (2005). Can electronic monitoring reduce crime for moderate to high-risk offenders? Journal of Experimental Criminology, 1(2), 215-237.
Taylor, F., Ariel, B., Headquarters, P., & Welfare, S. (2012). Protocol: Electronic monitoring of offenders: A systematic review of its effect on recidivism in the criminal justice system. Oslo: The Campbell Collaboration.
Link, N. W., Powell, K., Hyatt, J. M., & Ruhland, E. L. (2021). Considering the process of debt collection in community corrections: The case of the Monetary Compliance Unit. Journal of Contemporary Criminal Justice, 37(1), 128-147.
Martin, K. D., Sykes, B. L., Shannon, S., Edwards, F., & Harris, A. (2018). Monetary sanctions: Legal financial obligations in US systems of justice. Annual Review of Criminology, 1, 471-495.
Peterson, P. (2012). Supervision fees: State policies and practice. Fed. Probation, 76, 40.
Ruhland, E. (2021). It’s all about the money: An exploration of probation fees. Corrections, 6(1), 65-84.
Shannon, S. (2020). Probation and monetary sanctions in Georgia: Evidence from a multi-method study. Georgia Law Review (Athens, Ga.: 1966), 54(4), 121
Courtright, K. E. (1995). The effectiveness of house arrest with electronic monitoring of DUI offenders [Doctoral dissertation, Indiana University of Pennsylvania].
Tonry, M. (1999). Community penalties in the United States. European journal on criminal policy and research, 7(1), 5-22.
Tonry, M. (1998). Intermediate sanctions in sentencing guidelines. Crime and Justice, 23, 199-253.
McGreevy, G. (2017). Changing lives: Using technology to promote desistance. Probation Journal, 1–6
Pattavina, A., & Corbett, R. P. (2019). How smartphone technology can link the theoretical, policy, and practical contexts of community supervision reform: Voices from the field. Victims & Offenders, 14(7), 777-792.
Russo, J., & Drake, G. (2018). Monitoring with smartphones: A survey of applications. The Journal of Offender Monitoring, 5–36.
Viglione, J., & Taxman, F. S. (2018). Low risk offenders under probation supervision: Risk management and the risk-needs-responsivity framework. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 45(12), 1809-1831.
Klein, A. R., & Crowe, A. (2008). Findings from an outcome examination of Rhode Island's specialized domestic violence probation supervision program: Do specialized supervision programs of batterers reduce reabuse? Violence Against Women, 14(2), 226-246.
Klein, A. R., & Tobin, T. (2008). A longitudinal study of arrested batterers, 1995-2005: Career criminals. Violence Against Women, 14(2), 136-157.
Kanuha, V. K., & Ross, M. L. (2004). The use of temporary restraining orders (TROs) as a strategy to address intimate partner violence. Violence and Victims, 19(3), 343-356.
Carlson, M., Harris, S., & Holden, G. (1999). Protective orders and domestic violence: Risk factors for re-abuse. Journal of Family Violence, 14, 205-226.
Faupel, A., Herrick, E., & Sharp, P. M. (2017). Anger management: A practical guide for teachers (3rd ed.). Routledge. https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315110639
Gilchrist, G., Munoz, J. T., & Easton, C. J. (2015). Should we reconsider anger management when addressing physical intimate partner violence perpetration by alcohol abusing males? A systematic review. Aggression and Violent Behavior, 25, 124-132. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.avb.2015.07.008
Henwood, K. S., Chou, S., & Browne, K. D. (2015). A systematic review and meta-analysis on the effectiveness of CBT informed anger management. Aggression and Violent Behavior, 25, 280-292. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.avb.2015.09.011
Reilly, P. M., & Shopshire, M. S. (2019). Anger management for substance use disorder and mental health clients: A cognitive-behavioral therapy manual. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. https://permanent.fdlp.gov/gpo129407/pep19-02-01-001.pdf
In-Patient and Out-Patient Treatment
Belenko, S., Hiller, M., & Hamilton, L. (2013). Treating substance use disorders in the criminal justice system. Current Psychiatry Reports, 15(11), 1-11.
Finney J. W., Hahn A. C., Moos R. H. The effectiveness of in-patient and out-patient treatment for alcohol abuse: The need to focus on mediators and moderators of setting effects. Addiction 1996; 91: 1773–96.
Tiet, Q. Q., Ilgen, M. A., Byrnes, H. F., Harris, A. H., & Finney, J. W. (2007). Treatment setting and baseline substance use severity interact to predict patients' outcomes. Addiction, 102(3), 432-440.
Mental Health Screening and Evaluation
Beidas, R. S., Stewart, R. E., Walsh, L., Lucas, S., Downey, M. M., Jackson, K., Fernandez, T., & Mandell, D. S. (2015). Free, brief, and validated: Standardized instruments for low-resource mental health settings. Cognitive and Behavioral Practice, 22(1), 5-19. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cbpra.2014.02.002
Eno Louden, J., & Skeem, J. L. (2011). Parolees with mental disorder: Toward evidence-based practice. UC Irvine Center for Evidence-Based Corrections. https://cpb-us-e2.wpmucdn.com/sites.uci.edu/dist/0/1149/files/2013/06/Parolees-with-Mental-Disorder.pdf
Link, B. G., Cullen, F. T., Struening, E., Shrout, P. E., & Dohrenwend, B. P. (1989). A modified labeling theory approach to mental disorders: An empirical assessment. American Sociological Review, 54(3), 400–423. https://doi.org/10.2307/2095613
Skeem, J. L., Louden, J. E., Polaschek, D., & Camp, J. (2007). Assessing relationship quality in mandated community treatment: Blending care with control. Psychological Assessment, 19(4), 397–410. https://doi.org/10.1037/1040-35184.108.40.2067
Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration [SAMHSA]. (2019). Screening and assessment of co-occurring disorders in the justice system. Author. https://store.samhsa.gov/sites/default/files/d7/priv/pep19-screen-codjs.pdf
Substance Use Screening and Evaluation
Hiller, M. L., Belenko, S., Welsh, W. N., Zajac, G., & Peters, R. H. (2011). Screening and assessment: An evidence-based process for the management and care of adult drug-involved offenders. In C. Leukefeld, T. P. Gullotta, & J. Gregrich (Eds.), Handbook of Evidence-Based Substance Abuse Treatment in Criminal Justice Settings (pp. 45-62). Springer, New York, NY.
Lundgren, L., & Krull, I. (2018). Screening, assessment, and treatment of substance use disorders: Evidence-based practices, community and organizational setting in the era of integrated care. Oxford University Press.
National Institute on Drug Abuse. Screening and Assessment Tools Chart. https://nida.nih.gov/nidamed-medical-health-professionals/screening-tools-resources/chart-screening-tools
Alcohol and Drug Use Education
Cahill, H. W. (2007). Challenges in adopting evidence‐based school drug education programmes. Drug and Alcohol Review, 26(6), 673-679.
Midford, R. (2000). Does drug education work? Drug and Alcohol Review, 19(4), 441-446.
Rosenbaum, D. P., & Hanson, G. S. (1998). Assessing the effects of school-based drug education: A six-year multilevel analysis of project DARE. Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency, 35(4), 381-412.
Sahin, I., & Karapazarlioglu, E. (2014). The effectiveness of school-based drug resistance education program in the United States. European Scientific Journal, 10(5).
Cognitive Behavioral Techniques
Mitchell, D., Tafrate, R. C., & Hogan, T. (2018). Cognitive Behavioral Therapy in Forensic Treatment. In E. L. Jeglic & C. Calkins (Eds.), New Frontiers in Offender Treatment: The Translation of Evidence-Based Practices to Correctional Settings (pp. 57–84). Springer International Publishing. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-01030-0_4
Saucan, D. S., Micle, M.-I., Marhan, A.-M., & Oancea, G. (2012). The role of the cognitive behavioral approach in the reduction of the risk of recidivism for the persons under surveillance of the probation service. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 33, 333–337. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2012.01.138
Tafrate, R. C., Mitchell, D., Mackey, B. J., Appleton, C., Walters, S. T., Lee, J., & Taxman, F. S. (2021). Surfing the three waves of CBT in community supervision. Federal Probation, 85(3), 21-26. https://www.uscourts.gov/sites/default/files/85_3_3_0.pdf
Wodahl, E. J., Garland, B., Culhane, S. E., & McCarty, W. P. (2011). Utilizing Behavioral Interventions to Improve Supervision Outcomes in Community-Based Corrections. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 38(4), 386–405. https://doi.org/10.1177/0093854810397866
Carroll, K. M., Easton, C. J., Nich, C., Hunkele, K. A., Neavins, T. M., Sinha, R., Ford, H. L., Vitolo, S. A., Doebrick, C. A., & Rounsaville, B. J. (2006). The use of contingency management and motivational/skills-building therapy to treat young adults with marijuana dependence. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 74(5), 955–966. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-006X.74.5.955
Chutuape, M. A., Silverman, K., & Stitzer, M. (1999). Contingent reinforcement sustains post-detoxification abstinence from multiple drugs: A preliminary study with methadone patients. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 54(1), 69–81. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0376-8716(98)00144-6
Petry N. M. (2011). Contingency management: What it is and why psychiatrists should want to use it. The Psychiatrist, 35(5), 161–163. https://doi.org/10.1192/pb.bp.110.031831
Sloas, L., Murphy, A., Wooditch, A., & Taxman, F. S. (2019). Assessing the use and impact of points and rewards across four federal probation districts: A contingency management approach. Victims & Offenders, 14(7), 811–831. https://doi.org/10.1080/15564886.2019.1656691
Tracy, K., Babuscio, T., Nich, C., Kiluk, B., Carroll, K. M., Petry, N. M., & Rounsaville, B. J. (2007). Contingency management to reduce substance use in individuals who are homeless with co-occurring psychiatric disorders. The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse, 33(2), 253–258. https://doi.org/10.1080/00952990601174931
McCulloch, T. (2010). Realizing potential: Community service, prosocial modelling and desistance. European Journal of Probation, 2(2), 3-22.
Robinson, G. (2008). Prosocial Modelling in Probation. How. J. Crim. Just., 47, 189.
Trotter, C. (2009). Prosocial modelling. European Journal of Probation, 1(2), 142-152.
Trotter, C., & Ward, T. (2013). Involuntary clients, prosocial modelling and ethics. Ethics and Social Welfare, 7(1), 74-90.
Lattimore, P. K., Dawes, D., MacKenzie, D. L., & Zajac, G. (2018). Evaluation of the honest opportunity probation with enforcement demonstration field experiment (HOPE DFE), final report. U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs. https://www.ojp.gov/pdffiles1/nij/grants/251758.pdf
Phelps, M. S., & Ruhland, E. L. (2021). Governing marginality: Coercion and care in probation. Social Problems. Advance online publication. https://doi.org/10.1093/socpro/spaa060
Taxman, F. S., & Ainsworth, S. (2009). Correctional milieu: The key to quality outcomes. Victims & Offenders, 4(4), 334-340. https://doi.org/10.1080/15564880903227347
Taxman, F. S., Smith, L., & Rudes, D. S. (2020). From mean to meaningful probation: The legacy of intensive supervision programs. In P. K. Lattimore, B. M. Huebner, & F. S. Taxman (Eds.), Handbook on moving corrections and sentencing forward: Building on the record (pp. 61-78). Routledge.
Trotter, C. (1999). Working with involuntary clients: A guide to practice. Sage.
Ugwudike, P. (2011). Compliance with community penalties: The importance of interactional dynamics. In F. McNeill, P. Raynor, & C. Trotter (Eds.), Offender supervision: New directions in theory, research and practice (325-343). Routledge.
Popkin, S. J., & Cove, E. (2007). Safety is the most important thing: How HOPE VI helped families. Urban Institute. https://www.urban.org/sites/default/files/publication/46291/311486-Safety-Is-the-Most-Important-Thing.PDF
Phillips, J., Albertson, K., Collinson, B., & Fowler, A. (2020). Delivering desistance-focused probation in community hubs: Five key ingredients. Probation Journal, 67(3), 264-282. https://doi.org/10.1177/0264550520939176
Wilkie, S., Townshend, T., Thompson, E., & Ling, J. (2019). Restructuring the built environment to change adult health behaviors: A scoping review integrated with behavior change frameworks. Cities & Health, 2(2), 198-211. https://doi.org/10.1080/23748834.2019.1574954
Goodson, M. V. (2018). Help or hindrance: Female probationers’ navigation of supervision requirements through personal support networks. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 45(10), 1483-1506. https://doi.org/10.1177/0093854818781434
Huebner, B. M., Pleggenkuhle, B., & Kras, K. R. (2021). Access to health care and treatment among individuals convicted of sexual offenses paroled to urban and rural communities. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 48(7), 964-980. https://doi.org/10.1177/0093854820972747
Northcutt Bohmert, M. (2016). The role of transportation disadvantage for women on community supervision. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 43(11), 1522-1540. https://doi.org/10.1177/0093854816654267
Northcutt Bohmert, M., & DeMaris, A. (2018). Cumulative disadvantage and the role of transportation in community supervision. Crime & Delinquency, 64(8), 1033-1056. https://doi.org/10.1177/0011128716686344