Search Appropriateness Statement Package
Section I: How to Use the Appropriateness Statements to Develop Practice Guidelines
Each appropriateness statement (1) describes a common supervision condition and how it is used, (2) provides available evidence on the condition, (3) gives the perceptions of probation/parole staff and JSI to highlight issues that may arise when using the condition with diverse populations, (4) offers recommendations for when to use the conditions in a procedurally just manner, and (5) details considerations for five common supervision populations. See the Appropriateness Statement Outline below for what is contained in each statement.
This collection of statements is a tool to review and refine current policy and practices. The final products of this process are Practice Guidelines, which are written statements that define a practice (i.e., condition) while specifying when and how it should be used according to agency procedure. They are agency-specific in the sense that they are tailored to the agency, its personnel, and its working environment. Below are recommendations to accomplish this:
- Assemble teams to review the practices (teams should be 8 to 12 members). The teams include a cross-section of the supervision agency including line, support and administrative staff. It is also useful to include a judge, prosecutor, defense attorney, treatment provider, person who has been under supervision, and other community members on the team.
- Each office may have 2 to 3 teams to review different types of practices: contacts, compliance-monitoring, treatment, etc.
- Each team is given data on the practice. When possible, the data should cover the past three years and be drawn from agency records. It should include:
- How the practice is defined
- How the practice is usually assigned (i.e., by judge/parole board, by agency requirements, by statute, by common practice)
- The frequency that the practice is used
- How the practice affects outcomes in terms of meeting requirements and completion of supervision
- How the practice affects rearrest or technical violations during the period of supervision
- The typical pattern of additional requirements usually assigned along with the practice
- The team reviews the data and identify areas where the practice is useful and appropriate or burdensome and not appropriate.
- The team then discusses why the practice is used and how to improve the practice, including limiting the practice to situations where it is warranted.
- The team works toward reducing the number and type of unnecessary or unhelpful practices used to increase overall effectiveness.
- The team writes up guidelines for each set of practices.
- The team develops a presentation for other members of the agency and stakeholders to outline why changes in practices are needed and what those recommendations are.
- The team designs a pilot to test out the new practices. Included in this design should be statements on:
- Informing the person under supervision of the purpose of conditions/requirements and the pilot
- Informing stakeholders about the pilot and the goal of the pilot
- The pilot should run for 12 to 18 months where data is collected and progress reports routinely shared.